IsmuNews – February 2015


  • The Final International Report of the King Project – Knowledge for INtegration Governance


  • Migrants arrived in Italy by sea in 2014: a new record
  • Foreign mothers in Italy: the fertility rate fell in 2013
  • Reversing the trend: in 2013 for the first time residence permits for family reasons outweigh those for work reasons
  • Foreign minors and football


  • The Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) and the RIRVA Network 


  • Yeff – Young European Film Forum For Cultural Diversity, the european filmmaker meeting


The Final Report of the KING Project – Knowledge for INtegration Governance
On Friday 20 of February, the Final International Conference of the KING Project – Knowledge for INtegration Governance was held in Barcelona. During the event, it was presented the final report of the project on the policies and the processes of integration in Europe, as analyzed in the course of the multidisciplinary research that saw the participation of more than 40 researchers across Europe.
On the basis of the research results, the Report provides a series of policy-recommendations and discusses strategies for the enhancement of integration measures at the national and local level. Moreover, the report provides, based on research outcomes, policy-recommendation, on the implementation of the Common Basic Principles on Migrant Integration (CBPs).

Download the Report


Migrants arrived in Italy by sea in 2014: a new record
170.000 migrants arrived in Italy by sea, three times the number recorded in 2011, the year of  “North Africa Emergency”
2014 closes with an historical record number of 170.000 undocumented migrants arrived by sea in Italy: almost three times compared to those of 2011, the year that was marked by “North Africa Emergency”. In 2014, the most numerous nationalities were the Syrian, with 42.000 arrivals, and the Eritrean with 34.000 arrivals (followed by 10.000 Malians).
From January to October, in parallel with the deployment of the Mare Nostrum operation, there were 154.000 arrivals, of which only 5.000 in the first two months of the year, January and February. Following the closure of the Mare Nostrum operation and the launch of the EU coordinated Operation Triton, in the last two months of 2014,16.000 people arrived illegally in Italy by sea.

Source: Ismu Foundation analysis on data of the Ministry of the Interior

Foreign mothers in Italy, the fertility rate fell in 2013
In 2013, the average age of migrants mothers is 28.1 years old, compared with the 32.1 years of the Italian ones.
The fertility rate of foreign women in Italy fell to 2.10 children per woman, while in 2008 was of 2.65, compared with 1.29 of Italian women, which has remained constant along the years.
The average age of a foreign mother at the birth of first child is 28.5 years, one year more than in 2008, compared with 32.1 years for Italian mothers.
In 2013 more than one new born out of five has at least a foreign parent: almost one in three in Emilia Romagna and more than one in four in Lombardy, Veneto, Tuscany, Piedmont, Liguria and Tuscany. The Prato province obtains the record value of 40% of infants with a foreign parent in 2013 (Campania and Puglia have less than 7% of infants with a foreign parent). In 2013, the nationalities with more “new mothers” are: Romanian, Moroccan and Albanian followed by Chinese, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Moldovan.

Source: Ismu Foundation analysis on data of the ISTAT (Italian National Statistical Institute)

Reversing the trend: in 2013, for the first time residence permits issued for family reasons outweigh those issued for work reasons
In all, 2.9 million
Ismu projections on the data collected by ISTAT (Italian National Statistical Institute) and the Ministry of Interior indicate that, for the first time, at 1st January 2014, the majority of foreign people reside in Italy for family reasons (2.9 million), followed by those residing for work reasons (2.4 million) and those residing for any other reason (200.000).
In the first half of the 90s, foreign people residing in Italy for work reasons were approximately twice the number of those present for family reasons (a slightly larger number than those of other types of legally residing foreigners such as beneficiaries of international protection, students, those allowed to reside for health reasons, etc.). In the last twenty years people holding a permit for work reason have increased six times, those allowed to stay for family reasons have increased twelve times, while those allowed to stay for any other reason have increased of only 29%, after reaching a maximum value of about 360.000 in 2011, the year of the “North Africa Emergency “.

Foreign minors and football
Recent years have experienced  a constant increase in the number of foreign children enrolled at the FIGC (Italian Football Federation). The most represented nationalities in the FIGC are: Albanians, Moroccans, Romanians and Senegalese. But data also show that there is a considerable number of children and teenagers from Macedonia and Tunisia enrolled in FIGC; a number much higher, for example, than the number of Egyptians or Ukrainian, despite the appeal of football stars like Shevchenko  and El Shaarawy.

Source: Ismu Foundation analysis on the data of Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (FIGC)     


The Assisted Voluntary Return and the RIRVA Network
Ismu Foundation, the Focal Point for the Lombardy Region, carries on its activities in the RIRVA project ( RIRVA is a network of private and public institutions that are active in promoting the Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) of third country nationals in their origin country.
Since October 2014, a free help desk service is active to inform migrants, workers and citizens on projects that assist people in their return to countries of origin and on how to contact the local landmarks of the Italian Network on Assisted Voluntary Return (RIRVA). The number (800 72 20 71) is available from Monday to Friday, from 9.00 to 16.00.
In recent years, the voluntary return to the country of origin is an option that more and more migrants choose: more specifically,  while only 228 people chosed AVR in 2009,  2,000 are expected to chose this option by June 2015. A total of 3,219 people in recent years have benefited from this measure that helps migrants to return and reintegrate in their country of origin.
The Network RIRVA, co-financed by the European Return Fund and the Ministry of Interior since 2009 (initially under the name NIRVA and from 2012 by the acronym RIRVA), is managed by the National Consortium Idee in rete, with the Italian Council for Refugees, Oxfam Italy, Gea, the National Council of Social Workers and the support of the ISMU Foundation.

For information: – 800 722071,,

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Yeff – Young European Film Forum For Cultural Diversity, the european filmmaker meeting
Yeff is an European Network of nine countries (Italy, France, Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Slovenia, Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands) that promotes the encounter of young people, the enhancement of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue through the production of videos. Every two years a partner of the network organizes the Film Forum (a meeting between the young participants of 10 days) in a different European city.
This year about 70 young people, between 18 and 25 years old, from all over Europe, will meet in Brussels from the 4th to 15th of July and will work together to produce videos on cultural diversity and active citizenship and leadership of young people.
In 2013, Milan hosted the last edition and the YEFF Film Forum, organized by the Ismu Foundation, which is the Italian partner of the network.

For those who are interested to participate, the deadline for sending a video is April 30, 2015.

To participate click here

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